发布于 2017-11-29 04:55:00 | 55 次阅读 | 评论: 0 | 来源: 网友投递

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Spring Framework 开源j2ee框架

Spring是什么呢?首先它是一个开源的项目,而且目前非常活跃;它是一个基于IOC和AOP的构架多层j2ee系统的框架,但它不强迫你必须在每一层 中必须使用Spring,因为它模块化的很好,允许你根据自己的需要选择使用它的某一个模块;它实现了很优雅的MVC,对不同的数据访问技术提供了统一的接口,采用IOC使得可以很容易的实现bean的装配,提供了简洁的AOP并据此实现Transcation Managment,等等


本文主要介绍Maven 搭建SpringMVC+Hibernate的知识,这里整理了详细的资料,并附示例代码,有兴趣的小伙伴可以参考下

前言

     今天复习一下SpringMVC+Hibernate的搭建,本来想着将Spring-Security权限控制框架也映入其中的,但是发现内容太多了,Spring-Security的就留在下一篇吧,这篇主要搭建SpringMVC4.1.4和Hibernate4.3.8,之前也打了好多SpringMVC的,这部分已经非常的熟悉了,毕竟业开发过一年多SpringMVC的,这次持久层采用Hibernate,数据源采用c3p0,数据库暂采用MySQL,主要是想复习一下Hibernate。搭建SpringMVC+Hibernate的框架的思路如下:

     1、设计数据库:设计好表结构,最好符合3NF,采用Hibernate tools将设计好的表自动生成对应的实体entity。 

     1、创建Maven项目,按需映入Maven包依赖。

     2、搭建Spring:配置Spring对控件层Bean的注入。

     3、搭建Hibernate:配置数据源,配置SessionFactory,配置事务,以及二级缓存ehcache的配置。

     4、测试Spring+Hibernate的框架搭建,写单元测试JUnit,测试事务配置等。

     5、映入SpringMVC:配置SpringMVC配置信息。

     6、配置web.xml容器

     7、测试三个框架的整合:Maven编译打包部署服务器,测试。

1、数据库设计

       设计一个权限、角色、用户的表。自然如果一个用户可以有多个角色,一个角色多个用户所拥有;一个角色拥有多个权限,一个权限对应多个角色。所以按照数据库表结构设计,符合3NF的话我们需要5张表进行存在。表的具体信息就不列出了(可以下在源码,里面还有数据库),表关系如下:


      这里面ID才用到是java的UUID(36位)

2、创建Maven项目,编写pom.xml文件

      创建一个Maven的webapp项目,编写pom.xml文件,引入所需的包依赖,我这里就将所需的全部的映入了。

       

      pom.xml文件内容如下:


 <project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/maven-v4_0_0.xsd">
 <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
 <groupId>org.andy.sh</groupId>
 <artifactId>springmvc_hibernate_demo</artifactId>
 <packaging>war</packaging>
 <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>

 <name>springmvc_hibernate_demo Maven Webapp</name>
 <url>http://maven.apache.org</url>

 <properties>
 <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
 <spring.version>4.1.4.RELEASE</spring.version>
 <hibernate.version>4.3.8.Final</hibernate.version>
 <jackson.version>2.5.0</jackson.version>
 </properties>

 <dependencies>

 <!-- junit -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>junit</groupId>
 <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
 <version>4.12</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
 </dependency>

 <!-- spring -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-beans</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 <scope>test</scope>
 </dependency>

 <!-- 使用SpringMVC需配置 -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- 关系型数据库整合时需配置 如hibernate jpa等 -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
 <artifactId>spring-orm</artifactId>
 <version>${spring.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- hibernate -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
 <artifactId>hibernate-core</artifactId>
 <version>${hibernate.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
 <artifactId>hibernate-ehcache</artifactId>
 <version>${hibernate.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- 二级缓存ehcache -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>net.sf.ehcache</groupId>
 <artifactId>ehcache</artifactId>
 <version>2.9.0</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- log4j -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>log4j</groupId>
 <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
 <version>1.2.17</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- mysql连接 -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>mysql</groupId>
 <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
 <version>5.1.34</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- c3p0数据源 -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>com.mchange</groupId>
 <artifactId>c3p0</artifactId>
 <version>0.9.5-pre10</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- json -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
 <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
 <version>1.2.3</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
 <artifactId>jackson-annotations</artifactId>
 <version>${jackson.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
 <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
 <version>${jackson.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
 <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
 <version>${jackson.version}</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- aop -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>org.aspectj</groupId>
 <artifactId>aspectjweaver</artifactId>
 <version>1.8.4</version>
 </dependency>

 <!-- servlet -->
 <dependency>
 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
 <artifactId>servlet-api</artifactId>
 <version>3.0-alpha-1</version>
 <scope>provided</scope>
 </dependency>

 <dependency>
 <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
 <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
 <version>1.2</version>
 </dependency>

 </dependencies>

 <build>
 <finalName>springmvc_hibernate_demo</finalName>

 <plugins>
 <!-- Run the JUnit unit tests in an isolated classloader -->
 <plugin>
 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
 <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
 <version>2.4.2</version>
 <configuration>
 <skipTests>true</skipTests>
 </configuration>

 </plugin>

 <plugin>
 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
 <artifactId>maven-war-plugin</artifactId>
 <version>2.3</version>
 <configuration>
 <webXml>src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/web.xml</webXml>
 </configuration>
 </plugin>

 <!-- generate java doc -->
 <plugin>
 <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
 <artifactId>maven-javadoc-plugin</artifactId>
 <version>2.9.1</version>
 <configuration>
 <javadocDirectory>target/javadoc</javadocDirectory>
 <reportOutputDirectory>target/javadoc</reportOutputDirectory>
 <charset>UTF-8</charset>
 <encoding>UTF-8</encoding>
 <docencoding>UTF-8</docencoding>
 <show>private</show>
 </configuration>
 </plugin>

 <!-- 部署至本机 -->
 <plugin>
 <groupId>org.codehaus.cargo</groupId>
 <artifactId>cargo-maven2-plugin</artifactId>
 <version>1.0</version>
 <configuration>
 <container>
 <containerId>tomcat6x</containerId>
 <home>D:\WebServer\apache-tomcat-6.0.39</home>
 </container>
 <configuration>
 <type>existing</type>
 <home>D:\WebServer\apache-tomcat-6.0.39</home>
 </configuration>
 </configuration>
 </plugin>
 </plugins>

 </build>
</project>

3、引入Spring配置

    编写配置文件,配置文件放在src/main/resources资源目录下(下同)。

   项目所需的配置信息config.properties


 

#application configs

#jdbc c3p0 config
jdbc.driver = com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url = jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/work?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8
jdbc.username = root
jdbc.password = 12345

#hibernate config
hibernate.dialect = org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect
hibernate.show_sql = true
hibernate.format_sql = false
hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto = update
hibernate.cache.use_second_level_cache = true
hibernate.cache.use_query_cache = true
hibernate.cache.region.factory_class = org.hibernate.cache.ehcache.EhCacheRegionFactory
hibernate.cache.provider_configuration_file_resource_path = ehcache.xml

3.1、spring配置

spring.xml的配置文件如下:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.1.xsd
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.1.xsd">
 <!-- 加载配置文件 -->
 
 <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:config.properties"/>
 <!-- 扫描service自动注入为bean -->
 <context:component-scan base-package="org.andy.work.service.impl,org.andy.work.dao.impl" />

</beans>

上面spring配置了对应包下组件bean自动注入管理,我们需要将dao,service的实现类交由spring管理,如(@Repository,@Service)。

3.2、引入日志文件配置Log4j


 log4j.properties的配置文件如下:

### set log levels ###
log4j.rootLogger = INFO , C , D , E 

### console ###
log4j.appender.C = org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.C.Target = System.out
log4j.appender.C.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.C.layout.ConversionPattern = [springmvc_hibernate_demo][%p] [%-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}] %C.%M(%L) | %m%n

### log file ###
log4j.appender.D = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.D.File = ../logs/springmvc_hibernate_demo.log
log4j.appender.D.Append = true
log4j.appender.D.Threshold = INFO 
log4j.appender.D.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.D.layout.ConversionPattern = [springmvc_hibernate_demo][%p] [%-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}] %C.%M(%L) | %m%n

### exception ###
log4j.appender.E = org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.E.File = ../logs/springmvc_hibernate_demo_error.log 
log4j.appender.E.Append = true
log4j.appender.E.Threshold = ERROR 
log4j.appender.E.layout = org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.E.layout.ConversionPattern = [sspringmvc_hibernate_demo][%p] [%-d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss}] %C.%M(%L) | %m%n



4、Hibernate配置

      Hibernate的配置主要包括:配置数据源c3p0,配置SessionFactory,配置事务管理器,配置事务管理,其spring-hibernate.xml文件如下:


 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
 xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
 xsi:schemaLocation="
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.1.xsd 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-4.1.xsd
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-4.1.xsd">

 <!-- 配置数据源 c3p0 -->
 <bean id="dataSource" class="com.mchange.v2.c3p0.ComboPooledDataSource"
 destroy-method="close">
 <property name="driverClass" value="${jdbc.driver}" />
 <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbc.url}" />
 <property name="user" value="${jdbc.username}" />
 <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}" />

 <!-- 请求超时时间 -->
 <property name="checkoutTimeout" value="30000" />
 <!-- 每60秒检查所有连接池中的空闲连接。默认值: 0,不检查 -->
 <property name="idleConnectionTestPeriod" value="30" />
 <!-- 连接数据库连接池最大空闲时间 -->
 <property name="maxIdleTime" value="30" />
 <!-- 连接池初始化连接数 -->
 <property name="initialPoolSize" value="5" />
 <property name="minPoolSize" value="5" />
 <property name="maxPoolSize" value="20" />
 <!--当连接池中的连接耗尽的时候c3p0一次同时获取的连接数。默认值: 3 -->
 <property name="acquireIncrement" value="5" />
 </bean>

 <!-- 配置hibernate的SessionFactory -->
 <bean id="sessionFactory"
 class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.LocalSessionFactoryBean">
 <!-- 注入数据源 相关信息看源码 -->
 <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
 <!-- hibernate配置信息 -->
 <property name="hibernateProperties">
 <props>
 <prop key="hibernate.dialect">${hibernate.dialect}</prop>
 <prop key="hibernate.show_sql">${hibernate.show_sql}</prop>
 <prop key="hibernate.format_sql">${hibernate.format_sql}</prop>
 <prop key="hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto">${hibernate.hbm2ddl.auto}</prop>

 <!-- 开启二级缓存 ehcache -->
 <prop key="hibernate.cache.use_second_level_cache">${hibernate.cache.use_second_level_cache}</prop>
 <prop key="hibernate.cache.use_query_cache">${hibernate.cache.use_query_cache}</prop>
 <prop key="hibernate.cache.region.factory_class">${hibernate.cache.region.factory_class}</prop>
 <prop key="hibernate.cache.provider_configuration_file_resource_path">${hibernate.cache.provider_configuration_file_resource_path}
 </prop>
 </props>
 </property>
 <!-- 扫描hibernate注解配置的entity -->
 <property name="packagesToScan" value="org.andy.work.entity" />
 </bean>

 <!-- 配置事务管理器 -->
 <bean id="transactionManager"
 class="org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.HibernateTransactionManager">
 <property name="sessionFactory" ref="sessionFactory" />
 </bean>

 <!-- 配置事务增强处理Bean,指定事务管理器 -->
 <tx:advice id="transactionAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
 <!-- 配置详细事务处理语义 -->
 <tx:attributes>
 <tx:method name="insert*" propagation="REQUIRED" />
 <tx:method name="update*" propagation="REQUIRED" />
 <tx:method name="delete*" propagation="REQUIRED" />

 <tx:method name="get*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
 <tx:method name="find*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
 <tx:method name="select*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />
 <tx:method name="load*" propagation="SUPPORTS" read-only="true" />

 <!-- 其他采用默认事务方式 -->
 <tx:method name="*" />

 </tx:attributes>
 </tx:advice>

 <!-- Spring aop事务管理 -->
 <aop:config>
 <!-- 配置切入点 -->
 <aop:pointcut id="transactionPointcut"
 expression="execution(* org.andy.work.service..*Impl.*(..))" />
 <!-- 指定在txAdvice切入点应用txAdvice事务增强处理 -->
 <aop:advisor pointcut-ref="transactionPointcut"
 advice-ref="transactionAdvice" />
 </aop:config>

</beans>

 上面配置了二级缓存,ehcache,相关的具体信息查看上一篇Hibernate二级缓存以及ehcache的搭建配置,下面是二级缓存的配置。

4.1、ehcache.xml的配置      


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ehcache xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="../config/ehcache.xsd">
 <diskStore path="D:/ehcache" />
 <!-- DefaultCache setting. -->
 <defaultCache
 maxElementsInMemory="1000"
 eternal="false"
 timeToIdleSeconds="120"
 timeToLiveSeconds="120"
 maxElementsOnDisk="1000000"
 overflowToDisk="true" 
 memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU">
 
 </defaultCache>

 <!-- Special objects setting. -->

 <cache 
 name="org.andy.work.entity.AcctUser"
 maxElementsInMemory="2"
 memoryStoreEvictionPolicy="LRU" 
 eternal="true" 
 diskPersistent="false"
 overflowToDisk="false" 
 maxElementsOnDisk="1000000" /> 



</ehcache>

   上面Hibernate二级缓存ehcache存放磁盘是D:/ehcache

5、生成业务entity实体

      设计好数据表后,Hibernate的实体有工具Hibernate tools自动生成,Eclipse需要安装Hibernate tools插件(我在线安装过几次都不成功,推荐使用links离线安装,附录将介绍),所以不需要手工的书写,下面就贴一个用户信息的实体,AcctUser.java


 

package org.andy.work.entity;

// Generated 2015-2-3 10:43:00 by Hibernate Tools 4.0.0

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.Set;

import javax.persistence.Column;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.FetchType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.JoinColumn;
import javax.persistence.JoinTable;
import javax.persistence.ManyToMany;
import javax.persistence.Table;
import javax.persistence.Temporal;
import javax.persistence.TemporalType;

import org.hibernate.annotations.Cache;
import org.hibernate.annotations.CacheConcurrencyStrategy;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonIgnoreProperties;

/**
 * AcctUser generated by hbm2java
 */
@Entity
@Table(name = "acct_user", catalog = "work")
@Cache(usage = CacheConcurrencyStrategy.READ_WRITE)
public class AcctUser implements java.io.Serializable {

 /**
 * 
 */
 private static final long serialVersionUID = 6980093847795726310L;
 private String id;
 private String nickName;
 private String telephone;
 private Date registerTime;
 private Set<AcctRole> acctRoles = new HashSet<AcctRole>(0);

 public AcctUser() {

 }

 public AcctUser(String id, String nickName) {
 this.id = id;
 this.nickName = nickName;
 }

 public AcctUser(String id, String nickName, String telephone,
 Date registerTime, Set<AcctRole> acctRoles) {
 this.id = id;
 this.nickName = nickName;
 this.telephone = telephone;
 this.registerTime = registerTime;
 this.acctRoles = acctRoles;
 }

 @Id
 @Column(name = "id", unique = true, nullable = false, length = 36)
 public String getId() {
 return this.id;
 }

 public void setId(String id) {
 this.id = id;
 }

 @Column(name = "nick_name", nullable = false)
 public String getNickName() {
 return this.nickName;
 }

 public void setNickName(String nickName) {
 this.nickName = nickName;
 }

 @Column(name = "telephone")
 public String getTelephone() {
 return this.telephone;
 }

 public void setTelephone(String telephone) {
 this.telephone = telephone;
 }

 @Temporal(TemporalType.TIMESTAMP)
 @Column(name = "register_time", length = 19)
 public Date getRegisterTime() {
 return this.registerTime;
 }

 public void setRegisterTime(Date registerTime) {
 this.registerTime = registerTime;
 }

 @JsonIgnoreProperties(value={"acctUsers", "acctAuthorities"})
 @ManyToMany(fetch = FetchType.LAZY)
 @Cache(usage = CacheConcurrencyStrategy.READ_WRITE)
 @JoinTable(name = "acct_user_role", catalog = "work", joinColumns = { @JoinColumn(name = "user_id", nullable = false, updatable = false) }, inverseJoinColumns = { @JoinColumn(name = "role_id", nullable = false, updatable = false) })
 public Set<AcctRole> getAcctRoles() {
 return this.acctRoles;
 }

 public void setAcctRoles(Set<AcctRole> acctRoles) {
 this.acctRoles = acctRoles;
 }

}

上面有几个需要注意的:

     上面大多数都是Hibernate tools自动生成的,但是有几个需要手动添加:

              1、如果这个实体使用二级缓存的话,需要添加@cache注解;

              2、如果该实体里面还有集合元素(set, map,list),如果实体要采用二级缓存,那么这些集合元素必须也添加@cache注解。

              3、@JsonIgnoreProperties注解是为了防止SpringMVC在json返回时产生循环输出使用,如果不配置的话就会出现json死循环(还有多对多,一对多的属性时)。

             4、@JsonIgnore这个是在转换成json是忽略该属性,而@JsonIgnoreProperties(value={"acctUsers", "acctAuthorities"})则是忽略acctRoles里面的acctUsers和acctAuthorites属性。

6、创建Dao层

6.1Dao接口

              Dao层和Service层我们肯定采用的是面相接口编程的思想,所以,我们先定义一个通用的Dao接口,GenericDao.java


 

package org.andy.work.dao;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * 创建时间:2015-2-6 下午2:26:42
 * 
 * @author andy
 * @version 2.2
 * 
 * Dao通用接口
 */

interface GenericDao<T, PK extends Serializable> {
 
 T load(PK id);
 
 T get(PK id);
 
 List<T> findAll();
 
 void persist(T entity);
 
 PK save(T entity);
 
 void saveOrUpdate(T entity);
 
 void delete(PK id);
 
 void flush();
}

            在定义具体的UserDao.java接口        


package org.andy.work.dao;

import org.andy.work.entity.AcctUser;

/**
 * 创建时间:2015-2-6 下午2:43:50
 * 
 * @author andy
 * @version 2.2
 * 
 * 用户Dao接口
 */

public interface UserDao extends GenericDao<AcctUser, String> {

}

6.2、Dao层实现类

    我们需要将Dao层的实现类注入为bean,所以需要添加@Repository注解,UserDaoImpl如下:


package org.andy.work.dao.impl;

import java.util.List;

import org.andy.work.dao.UserDao;
import org.andy.work.entity.AcctUser;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

/**
 * 创建时间:2015-2-6 下午2:45:14
 * 
 * @author andy
 * @version 2.2
 */
@Repository("userDao")
public class UserDaoImpl implements UserDao {

 @Autowired
 private SessionFactory sessionFactory;

 private Session getCurrentSession() {
 return this.sessionFactory.getCurrentSession();
 }

 @Override
 public AcctUser load(String id) {
 return (AcctUser) this.getCurrentSession().load(AcctUser.class, id);
 }
 
 @Override
 public AcctUser get(String id) {
 return (AcctUser) this.getCurrentSession().get(AcctUser.class, id);
 }

 @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
 @Override
 public List<AcctUser> findAll() {
 List<AcctUser> acctUsers = this.getCurrentSession().createQuery("from AcctUser").setCacheable(true).list();
 return acctUsers;
 }

 @Override
 public void persist(AcctUser entity) {
 this.getCurrentSession().persist(entity);

 }

 @Override
 public String save(AcctUser entity) {
 return (String) this.getCurrentSession().save(entity);
 }

 @Override
 public void saveOrUpdate(AcctUser entity) {
 this.getCurrentSession().saveOrUpdate(entity);
 }

 @Override
 public void delete(String id) {
 AcctUser entity = this.load(id);
 this.getCurrentSession().delete(entity);
 }

 @Override
 public void flush() {
 this.getCurrentSession().flush();

 }

}

7、创建Service层

  7.1、Service层接口


package org.andy.work.service;

import java.util.List;

import org.andy.work.entity.AcctUser;

/**
 * 创建时间:2015-2-6 下午3:18:57
 * 
 * @author andy
 * @version 2.2
 * userService接口
 */

public interface UserService {
 AcctUser load(String id);

 AcctUser get(String id);

 List<AcctUser> findAll();

 void persist(AcctUser entity);

 String save(AcctUser entity);

 void saveOrUpdate(AcctUser entity);

 void delete(String id);

 void flush();
}

  7.2、service层实现类

   UserServiceImpl就需要注入上面定义的Dao层bean。


package org.andy.work.service.impl;

import java.util.List;

import org.andy.work.dao.UserDao;
import org.andy.work.entity.AcctUser;
import org.andy.work.service.UserService;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

/**
 * 创建时间:2015-2-6 下午3:24:16
 * 
 * @author andy
 * @version 2.2 UserService 的实现
 */
@Service("userService")
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

 @Autowired
 private UserDao userDao;

 @Override
 public AcctUser load(String id) {
 return userDao.load(id);
 }

 @Override
 public AcctUser get(String id) {
 return userDao.get(id);
 }

 @Override
 public List<AcctUser> findAll() {
 return userDao.findAll();
 }

 @Override
 public void persist(AcctUser entity) {
 userDao.persist(entity);
 }

 @Override
 public String save(AcctUser entity) {
 return userDao.save(entity);
 }

 @Override
 public void saveOrUpdate(AcctUser entity) {
 userDao.saveOrUpdate(entity);
 }

 @Override
 public void delete(String id) {
 userDao.delete(id);
 }

 @Override
 public void flush() {
 userDao.flush();
 }

}

8、测试Spring和Hibernate的整合

    我们可以在src/test/java编写测试类,测试上面的配置,如果测试成功已经基本大功告成。


package org.andy.work.service;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.UUID;

import org.andy.work.entity.AcctUser;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.test.context.ContextConfiguration;
import org.springframework.test.context.junit4.SpringJUnit4ClassRunner;

import com.alibaba.fastjson.JSON;

/**
 * 创建时间:2015-2-6 下午3:31:07
 * 
 * @author andy
 * @version 2.2
 */
@RunWith(SpringJUnit4ClassRunner.class)
@ContextConfiguration(locations = { "classpath:spring.xml",
 "classpath:spring-hibernate.xml" })
public class TestUserService {

 private static final Logger LOGGER = Logger
 .getLogger(TestUserService.class);

 @Autowired
 private UserService userService;

 @Test
 public void save() {
 AcctUser acctUser = new AcctUser();
 acctUser.setId(UUID.randomUUID().toString());
 acctUser.setNickName("andy");
 acctUser.setRegisterTime(new Date());
 acctUser.setTelephone("13022221111");
 String id = userService.save(acctUser);
 LOGGER.info(JSON.toJSONString(id));
 }

}

9、引入SpringMVC

     添加spring-mvc.xml文件


 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
 xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p" xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.1.xsd 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.1.xsd 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
 http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.1.xsd">

 <!-- 自动扫描@Controller注入为bean -->
 <context:component-scan base-package="org.andy.work.controller" />

 <!-- 以下为SpringMVC配置 -->
 <mvc:annotation-driven>
 <!-- 返回json数据,@response使用 -->
 <mvc:message-converters register-defaults="true">
 <bean
 class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter">
 <property name="supportedMediaTypes">
 <list>
 <value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>
 <value>application/json;charset=UTF-8</value>
 </list>
 </property>

 </bean>
 </mvc:message-converters>
 </mvc:annotation-driven>

 <!-- 对模型视图名称的解析,即在模型视图名称添加前后缀 -->
 <bean
 class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
 <property name="viewClass"
 value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" />
 <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views" />
 <property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
 </bean>

</beans>

   上面配置了包扫描Controller,[email protected]��,和视图层的配置。

10、配置web.xml容器

      web容器是web项目的大脑,所以web容器,首先需要引入spring,让spring管理各个框架,并将其注入为bean。然后配置控制层的filter信息。并且配置了springmvc拦截的url为以.hmls结尾的请求。

web.xml文件如下:


 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee" xmlns:web="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_2_5.xsd"
 id="WebApp_ID" version="2.5">

 <display-name>springmvc_demo</display-name>

 <context-param>
 <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
 <param-value>classpath:spring.xml,classpath:spring-hibernate.xml</param-value>
 </context-param>

 <filter>
 <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
 <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
 <init-param>
 <param-name>encoding</param-name>
 <param-value>utf-8</param-value>
 </init-param>
 <init-param>
 <param-name>forceEncoding</param-name>
 <param-value>true</param-value>
 </init-param>
 </filter>
 <filter-mapping>
 <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
 <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
 </filter-mapping>

 <!-- openSessionInView配置 作用是延迟session关闭到view层 -->
 <filter>
 <filter-name>openSessionInViewFilter</filter-name>
 <filter-class>org.springframework.orm.hibernate4.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter</filter-class>
 <init-param>
 <param-name>singleSession</param-name>
 <param-value>true</param-value>
 </init-param>
 </filter>

 <!-- 监听servletContext,启动contextConfigLocation中的spring配置信息 -->
 <listener>
 <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
 </listener>

 <!-- 防止spring内存溢出监听器 -->
 <listener>
 <listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.IntrospectorCleanupListener</listener-class>
 </listener>

 <servlet>
 <description>spring mvc servlet</description>
 <servlet-name>rest</servlet-name>
 <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
 <init-param>
 <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
 <!-- 此处配置的是SpringMVC的配置文件 -->
 <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
 </init-param>
 <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
 </servlet>

 <servlet-mapping>
 <servlet-name>rest</servlet-name>
 <url-pattern>*.htmls</url-pattern>
 </servlet-mapping>

 <filter-mapping>
 <filter-name>openSessionInViewFilter</filter-name>
 <url-pattern>*.htmls</url-pattern>
 </filter-mapping>

 <!-- 配置session超时时间,单位分钟 -->
 <session-config>
 <session-timeout>30</session-timeout>
 </session-config>

 <welcome-file-list>
 <welcome-file>/index.jsp</welcome-file>
 </welcome-file-list>
</web-app>

11、创建控制层Controller

     控制层UserController


package org.andy.work.controller;

import java.util.List;

import org.andy.work.entity.AcctUser;
import org.andy.work.service.UserService;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

/** 
 * 创建时间:2015-2-7 上午11:49:00 
 * @author andy 
 * @version 2.2 
 * 描述: 用户Controller
 */
@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {

 private static final Logger LOGGER = Logger.getLogger(UserController.class);
 
 @Autowired
 private UserService userService;
 
 @RequestMapping("/showInfo/{userId}")
 public String showUserInfo(ModelMap modelMap, @PathVariable String userId){
 LOGGER.info("查询用户:" + userId);
 AcctUser userInfo = userService.load(userId);
 modelMap.addAttribute("userInfo", userInfo);
 return "/user/showInfo";
 }
 
 @RequestMapping("/showInfos")
 public @ResponseBody List<AcctUser> showUserInfos(){
 LOGGER.info("查询用户全部用户");
 List<AcctUser> userInfos = userService.findAll();
 return userInfos;
 }
}

12、创建视图层

   在src/main/webapp/WEB-INF/views下 创建user/showInfo.jsp


 

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core"%>
<%@taglib prefix="fmt" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/fmt"%>

<%
 String path = request.getContextPath();
 String basePath = request.getScheme() + "://"
 + request.getServerName() + ":" + request.getServerPort()
 + path + "/";
%>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<base href="<%=basePath%>" />
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<script type="text/javascript" src="js/jquery-1.9.1.min.js"></script>
<title>userInfo</title>
</head>
<body>
 用户信息 昵称: ${userInfo.nickName} 用户id:${userInfo.id} 用户电话:${userInfo.telephone } 注册时间:
 <fmt:formatDate value="${userInfo.registerTime }" pattern="yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss" />
 角色:[
 <c:forEach items="${ userInfo.acctRoles}" var="role">
  ${role.name } 权限[
  <c:forEach items="${ role.acctAuthorities}" var="authority">
  ${authority.name } 
  </c:forEach> ]
  </c:forEach>
 ]

 <br /> ajax显示全部用户信息:
 <div id="show_all_user"></div>
</body>
<script type="text/javascript">
 $.ajax({
 type : "get",
 url : "user/showInfos.htmls",
 dataType : "json",
 success : function(data) {
 $(data).each(
 function(i, user) {
 var p = "<p>昵称:" + user.nickName + " 电话:"
 + user.telephone + " 注册时间:"
 + user.registerTime + " id:" + user.id +
 "</p>";
 $("#show_all_user").append(p);
 });
 },
 async : true
 });
</script>
</html>



13、部署服务器测试

          使用Maven打包部署:clean compile  package

          部署到tomcat,测试
          主要测试上面的  http://localhost:8080/springmvc_hibernate_demo/user/showInfo/6e5afb1d-50e1-45fe-b6fe-b9e399415387.htmls

                                  和http://localhost:8080/springmvc_hibernate_demo/user/showInfos.htmls  (json数据返回)
          上面视图层就包含了这两条url请求的测试:

     ok,到此Spring+SpringMVC+Hibernate搭建完毕。

博客来源:http://blog.csdn.net/fengshizty?viewmode=list

项目源码:http://download.csdn.net/detail/fengshizty/8432647

希望能帮助有需要的朋友,后续继续补充相关资料,谢谢大家对本站的支持!



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